Happy birthday to the Internet - ABC 33/40 - Birmingham News, Weather, Sports

Happy birthday to the Internet

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Forty-four years ago today the first message went out over the Internet. It wasn't much of a message at all. A young researcher at UCLA typed the letter "l" and the letter "o" before the system crashed. Still, those two letters were received at Stanford Research Institute. An hour later, the system was back up and the first message - the word "login" was sent.

The Internet started as a Department of Defense project, designed by its Advanced Research Projects Agency. Thus, the Internet was first called ARPAnet. By the 1970s, the Department of Defense expanded ARPAnet to include several research universities and laboratories. Then, everyone wanted in on the action!

The National Science Foundation created NSFnet to connect regional academic networks to the national super computer centers and with each other. Traffic on NSFnet grew at a rate of 20 percent a month.

NSFnet was decommissioned in 1995 when the private sector took over its operation. The rest, as they say, is history. Gone are the days of being tethered to a big computer. Recently, research shows that 28% of Internet searching and reading is done from a mobile phone.

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