Zimmerman Trial: 5 questions jurors sorting out in deliberation - ABC 33/40 - Birmingham News, Weather, Sports

Zimmerman Trial: 5 questions jurors sorting out in deliberations

Posted: Updated:
FILE -This combo image made from file photos shows Trayvon Martin, left, and George Zimmerman. (AP Photo, File) FILE -This combo image made from file photos shows Trayvon Martin, left, and George Zimmerman. (AP Photo, File)

SANFORD, Fla. (AP) — The six female jurors who will determine whether George Zimmerman committed second-degree murder when he fatally shot 17-year-old Trayvon Martin last year entered a second day of deliberations Saturday.

During almost three weeks of testimony, they listened to 56 witnesses — 38 for the prosecution and 18 for the defense. A number of items have been the source of conflicting testimony, and jurors will have to sort out those contradictions in the deliberation room.

Zimmerman is pleading not guilty to second-degree murder. He says he fatally shot Martin in a scuffle at the townhome complex where Zimmerman was a neighborhood watch volunteer and where Martin was visiting his father's fiancee. Martin was black and Zimmerman identifies himself as Hispanic. Some civil rights activists argued that the delay in charging Zimmerman was influenced by Martin's race, and protests were held around the nation in the 44 days before Zimmerman was arrested.

Here are five questions jurors have to sort out.

George Zimmerman arrives in the courtroom for his trial at the Seminole County Criminal Justice Center, in Sanford, Fla., Friday, July 12, 2013. Zimmerman is charged in the 2012 shooting death of unarmed teenager Trayvon Martin. (AP Photo/Orlando Sentinel, Joe Burbank, Pool)

WHOSE SCREAMS ARE ON 911 CALLS?

Convincing jurors about whose voice is screaming for help on 911 calls that captured audio of the fight was the primary goal of prosecutors and defense attorneys. Martin's mother, father and brother testified it's the Miami teen screaming for help on recordings of the 911 calls made by Zimmerman's neighbors. Zimmerman's mother, uncle, father and five friends told jurors it was the neighborhood watch volunteer's voice. One of Zimmerman's neighbors, Jayne Surdyka, says the screams were those of a boy.

___

WHO WAS ON TOP?

Zimmerman was wearing a red jacket, and Martin had on a dark hoodie. Zimmerman's former neighbor Jonathan Good, perhaps the witness with the best view of what happened, says he saw a person in dark clothing straddling someone in red or white clothing and making downward movements with his fists in a mixed-martial arts maneuver known as "ground and pound." Neighbors Selma Mora and Surdyka say the person on top got up after the shooting. Zimmerman's attorneys say Zimmerman had been on the bottom but got on top of Martin after he fired his gun.

___

HOW DID POSITION OF MARTIN'S ARMS CHANGE?

Zimmerman told investigators that Martin was on top of him, pounding his head into the pavement. After he fired his gun, he says, he got on top of Martin and spread his arms. However, a photo taken moments later by Zimmerman's neighbor shows Martin's arms under his body. Defense expert Vincent DiMaio testified Martin could have moved his arms in the 10 to 15 seconds he would have been conscious after being shot in the heart.

___

DID ZIMMERMAN ACT IN SELF-DEFENSE?

Zimmerman has argued all along he acted in self-defense, although he passed up chance for a self-defense "stand your ground" hearing in which a judge could have thrown out the case without it going to a jury if the judge was convinced there was enough evidence to support it. Zimmerman's community college instructor, Alexis Francisco Carter, told jurors that a person can claim self-defense if they have a reasonable fear of death or great bodily harm. In their jury instructions, jurors were told self-defense is justified in using deadly force if Zimmerman reasonably believed that such force was necessary to prevent imminent death or great bodily harm to himself.

___

DID ZIMMERMAN ACT WITH ILL WILL, HATRED, SPITE OR EVIL INTENT?

To get a second-degree murder conviction, prosecutors must show that Zimmerman acted with ill will, hatred, spite or evil intent. Prosecutors argued that profanities Zimmerman uttered under his breath while he watched Martin walk through his neighborhood were evidence of ill will and hatred. But when asked by prosecutors and defense attorneys, no witness said Zimmerman acted with these traits. The judge presiding over the case also is letting jurors consider the lesser charge of manslaughter. To get a manslaughter conviction, prosecutors must show only that Zimmerman killed without lawful justification.

___

Follow Mike Schneider on Twitter at http://twitter.com/MikeSchneiderAP

  • Central Alabama NewsMore>>

  • Firefighters Trying to Fix Gas Leak

    Firefighters Trying to Fix Gas Leak

    Tuesday, July 22 2014 7:37 AM EDT2014-07-22 11:37:18 GMT
    Birmingham, Ala. _ Firefighters are trying to fix a gas leak at a building in Birmingham. The call came in just before 6:00 a.m. Tuesday morning. The building is located at 3424 6th Avenue South. We have a crew on the way and will give you more information once it becomes available.More >>
    Birmingham, Ala. _ Firefighters are trying to fix a gas leak at a building in Birmingham. The call came in just before 6:00 a.m. Tuesday morning. The building is located at 3424 6th Avenue South. We have a crew on the way and will give you more information once it becomes available.More >>
  • Missing swimmer sought in rough surf on Alabama coast

    Missing swimmer sought in rough surf on Alabama coast

    Monday, July 21 2014 2:21 PM EDT2014-07-21 18:21:22 GMT
    Authorities are looking for a swimmer who's missing in dangerous surf on the Alabama coast. Gulf Shores police received a distress call about a male juvenile who was in distress in the water about 4 p.m. Sunday. The search had to be suspended after about three hours because of rough surf and fading light. The Gulf Shores Police Department says the search resumed Monday. A dive team is in the water looking for the missing person. The weather service says there's currently a high risk of danger...More >>
    Authorities are looking for a swimmer who's missing in dangerous surf on the Alabama coast. Gulf Shores police received a distress call about a male juvenile who was in distress in the water about 4 p.m. Sunday. The search had to be suspended after about three hours because of rough surf and fading light. The Gulf Shores Police Department says the search resumed Monday. A dive team is in the water looking for the missing person. The weather service says there's currently a high risk of danger...More >>
  • MH17: International monitors trying to secure Malaysian plane crash site

    MH17: International monitors trying to secure Malaysian plane crash site

    Saturday, July 19 2014 11:29 PM EDT2014-07-20 03:29:10 GMT
    International monitors moved gingerly Saturday through fields reeking of the decomposing corpses that fell from a Malaysian airliner shot down over rebel-held eastern Ukraine, trying to secure the sprawling site in hopes that a credible investigation can be conducted.More >>
    International monitors moved gingerly Saturday through fields reeking of the decomposing corpses that fell from a Malaysian airliner shot down over rebel-held eastern Ukraine, trying to secure the sprawling site in hopes that a credible investigation can be conducted.
    More >>
  • Birmingham Area NewsMore>>

  • SCLC National Convention schedule

    SCLC National Convention schedule

    Tuesday, July 22 2014 9:00 AM EDT2014-07-22 13:00:19 GMT
    The SCLC National Convention scheduleMore >>
    The SCLC National Convention scheduleMore >>
  • DNC's first day on Birmingham site visit

    DNC's first day on Birmingham site visit

    Tuesday, July 22 2014 8:26 AM EDT2014-07-22 12:26:14 GMT
    It's been a full day of sightseeing for a team with the Democratic National Committee.A 12-member group is touring a variety of Birmingham hotels, attractions and venues Monday as part of a two-day site visit.Birmingham is one of five cities vying to hose the Democratic National Convention in 2016. The committee is in the Magic City to see if it has the hotel and venue space to pull off the large-scale event.ABC 33/40 went alongside the team for part of its day. Members saw the Birmingham Mus...More >>
    It's been a full day of sightseeing for a team with the Democratic National Committee.A 12-member group is touring a variety of Birmingham hotels, attractions and venues Monday as part of a two-day site visit.Birmingham is one of five cities vying to hose the Democratic National Convention in 2016. The committee is in the Magic City to see if it has the hotel and venue space to pull off the large-scale event.ABC 33/40 went alongside the team for part of its day. Members saw the Birmingham Mus...More >>
  • House on Fire in Birmingham

    House on Fire in Birmingham

    Tuesday, July 22 2014 7:37 AM EDT2014-07-22 11:37:52 GMT
     Firefighters are working to put out a house fire in Ensley. It broke out just before midnight Monday near 16th street and Avenue I. We will give you more information as soon as those details become available.More >>
     Firefighters are working to put out a house fire in Ensley. It broke out just before midnight Monday near 16th street and Avenue I. We will give you more information as soon as those details become available. More >>
  • Anniston - Gadsden Area NewsMore>>

  • Body pulled from Weiss Lake identified as missing woman

    Body pulled from Weiss Lake identified as missing woman

    Monday, July 21 2014 6:00 PM EDT2014-07-21 22:00:41 GMT
    DeKalb County sheriff's officials say a body that was pulled from Weiss Lake in Leesburg has been identified as a 20-year-old woman who was recently reported missing. Sheriff Jimmy Harris says the body of Sarah Jane Ortiz of Valley Head was found in the lake by a fisherman on Friday. Harris says the woman's body was positively identified on Monday at a forensics lab in Huntsville. Harris says Ortiz was reported missing July 16 by friends and relatives after she failed to return home on July 1...More >>
    DeKalb County sheriff's officials say a body that was pulled from Weiss Lake in Leesburg has been identified as a 20-year-old woman who was recently reported missing. Sheriff Jimmy Harris says the body of Sarah Jane Ortiz of Valley Head was found in the lake by a fisherman on Friday. Harris says the woman's body was positively identified on Monday at a forensics lab in Huntsville. Harris says Ortiz was reported missing July 16 by friends and relatives after she failed to return home on July 1...More >>
  • JSU President announces retirement

    JSU President announces retirement

    Monday, July 21 2014 3:17 PM EDT2014-07-21 19:17:37 GMT
    The longtime president of Jacksonville State University says he will retire next year. Bill Meehan told trustees that he's stepping down as of June 2015. The school announced his decision on its Facebook page. The delay in Meehan's departure provides a chance for board members to name a successor. Meehan has been president since July 1, 1999. Meehan is a Jacksonville State alumnus who started working at the school as a biology instructor. He held other positions at the northeast Alabama campu...More >>
    The longtime president of Jacksonville State University says he will retire next year. Bill Meehan told trustees that he's stepping down as of June 2015. The school announced his decision on its Facebook page. The delay in Meehan's departure provides a chance for board members to name a successor. Meehan has been president since July 1, 1999. Meehan is a Jacksonville State alumnus who started working at the school as a biology instructor. He held other positions at the northeast Alabama campu...More >>
  • Southside woman arrested for Chemical Endangerment of a Child

    Southside woman arrested for Chemical Endangerment of a Child

    Monday, July 21 2014 2:50 PM EDT2014-07-21 18:50:43 GMT
    An Etowah County woman has been arrested for chemical endangerment of a child, according to Sheriff Todd Entrekin.Investigator Haydyn Hedgspeth states, “Christina Goodson Amberson, 36, of Southside, was charged on July 16 with one count of chemical endangerment of exposing a child to an environment in which controlled substances are ingested, produced or distributed, which is a felony.”Amberson admitted to using methamphetamine. She is approximately 5 months pregnant.“It is simply unacceptabl...More >>
    An Etowah County woman has been arrested for chemical endangerment of a child, according to Sheriff Todd Entrekin.Investigator Haydyn Hedgspeth states, “Christina Goodson Amberson, 36, of Southside, was charged on July 16 with one count of chemical endangerment of exposing a child to an environment in which controlled substances are ingested, produced or distributed, which is a felony.”Amberson admitted to using methamphetamine. She is approximately 5 months pregnant.“It is simply unacceptabl...More >>
  • Tuscaloosa Area NewsMore>>

  • Warrants issued to arrest Forkland mayor

    Warrants issued to arrest Forkland mayor

    Tuesday, July 22 2014 8:24 AM EDT2014-07-22 12:24:52 GMT

    Warrants allege: Theft of Property & Tampering Govt Records

    More >>

    Warrants allege: Theft of Property & Tampering Govt Records

    More >>
  • Tuscaloosa police on the look out for a murder suspect

    Tuscaloosa police on the look out for a murder suspect

    Sunday, July 20 2014 2:21 PM EDT2014-07-20 18:21:54 GMT
    At approximately1:40 am this morning Tuscaloosa Police responded to a reported shooting in the 4700 block of East McFarland Blvd (Motel 6). When officers arrived, they found the victim, 21 year old Jamarcus Marquez Roberts in his vehicle. Roberts had crashed into the shrubs at the entrance to the motel parking lot. Roberts was treated at the scene and transported to DCH-ED, however he died from his injuries. The victim appears to have been shot one time in the chest. Investigators were able t...More >>
    At approximately1:40 am this morning Tuscaloosa Police responded to a reported shooting in the 4700 block of East McFarland Blvd (Motel 6). When officers arrived, they found the victim, 21 year old Jamarcus Marquez Roberts in his vehicle. Roberts had crashed into the shrubs at the entrance to the motel parking lot. Roberts was treated at the scene and transported to DCH-ED, however he died from his injuries. The victim appears to have been shot one time in the chest. Investigators were able t...More >>
  • Tuscaloosa Police investigating a murder on East McFarland Blvd.

    Tuscaloosa Police investigating a murder on East McFarland Blvd.

    Sunday, July 20 2014 2:09 PM EDT2014-07-20 18:09:31 GMT
    Tuscaloosa Police are investigating a murder on East McFarland Blvd. at the Motel 6.  More >>
    Tuscaloosa Police are investigating a murder on East McFarland Blvd. at the Motel 6.  More >>
Most Popular
Stories
Videos
loading...
  • Latest StoriesMore>>

  • SCLC National Convention schedule

    SCLC National Convention schedule

    Tuesday, July 22 2014 9:00 AM EDT2014-07-22 13:00:19 GMT
    The SCLC National Convention scheduleMore >>
    The SCLC National Convention scheduleMore >>
  • DNC's first day on Birmingham site visit

    DNC's first day on Birmingham site visit

    Tuesday, July 22 2014 8:26 AM EDT2014-07-22 12:26:14 GMT
    It's been a full day of sightseeing for a team with the Democratic National Committee.A 12-member group is touring a variety of Birmingham hotels, attractions and venues Monday as part of a two-day site visit.Birmingham is one of five cities vying to hose the Democratic National Convention in 2016. The committee is in the Magic City to see if it has the hotel and venue space to pull off the large-scale event.ABC 33/40 went alongside the team for part of its day. Members saw the Birmingham Mus...More >>
    It's been a full day of sightseeing for a team with the Democratic National Committee.A 12-member group is touring a variety of Birmingham hotels, attractions and venues Monday as part of a two-day site visit.Birmingham is one of five cities vying to hose the Democratic National Convention in 2016. The committee is in the Magic City to see if it has the hotel and venue space to pull off the large-scale event.ABC 33/40 went alongside the team for part of its day. Members saw the Birmingham Mus...More >>
  • Warrants issued to arrest Forkland mayor

    Warrants issued to arrest Forkland mayor

    Tuesday, July 22 2014 8:24 AM EDT2014-07-22 12:24:52 GMT

    Warrants allege: Theft of Property & Tampering Govt Records

    More >>

    Warrants allege: Theft of Property & Tampering Govt Records

    More >>
  • House on Fire in Birmingham

    House on Fire in Birmingham

    Tuesday, July 22 2014 7:37 AM EDT2014-07-22 11:37:52 GMT
     Firefighters are working to put out a house fire in Ensley. It broke out just before midnight Monday near 16th street and Avenue I. We will give you more information as soon as those details become available.More >>
     Firefighters are working to put out a house fire in Ensley. It broke out just before midnight Monday near 16th street and Avenue I. We will give you more information as soon as those details become available. More >>
  • Firefighters Trying to Fix Gas Leak

    Firefighters Trying to Fix Gas Leak

    Tuesday, July 22 2014 7:37 AM EDT2014-07-22 11:37:18 GMT
    Birmingham, Ala. _ Firefighters are trying to fix a gas leak at a building in Birmingham. The call came in just before 6:00 a.m. Tuesday morning. The building is located at 3424 6th Avenue South. We have a crew on the way and will give you more information once it becomes available.More >>
    Birmingham, Ala. _ Firefighters are trying to fix a gas leak at a building in Birmingham. The call came in just before 6:00 a.m. Tuesday morning. The building is located at 3424 6th Avenue South. We have a crew on the way and will give you more information once it becomes available.More >>
  • Bengals place AJ McCarron on non-football injury list

    Bengals place AJ McCarron on non-football injury list

    Monday, July 21 2014 10:31 PM EDT2014-07-22 02:31:13 GMT
    AJ McCarron played the role of spectator as the Cincinnati Bengals began training camp on Monday. The fifth round draft pick out of Alabama is on the active/non-football injury list with a "shoulder" injury. McCarron remains on the Bengals active roster and will be allowed to workout as soon as the Bengals doctors give him the okay."McCarron is apparently still be heavily scrutinized after missing the first portion of the spring workouts with shoulder tightness," wrote Geoff Hobson, the edito...More >>
    AJ McCarron played the role of spectator as the Cincinnati Bengals began training camp on Monday. The fifth round draft pick out of Alabama is on the active/non-football injury list with a "shoulder" injury. McCarron remains on the Bengals active roster and will be allowed to workout as soon as the Bengals doctors give him the okay."McCarron is apparently still be heavily scrutinized after missing the first portion of the spring workouts with shoulder tightness," wrote Geoff Hobson, the edito...More >>
  • Auburn scores commit from WR Nate Craig

    Auburn scores commit from WR Nate Craig

    Monday, July 21 2014 9:46 PM EDT2014-07-22 01:46:12 GMT
    Nate Craig didn't want to wait. One of the top recruits of the class of 2016 committed to Auburn on Monday night, announcing his choice on Twitter. I will be taking my talents to Auburn University!?????? #WDE pic.twitter.com/8lSreVGBJf -- NITRO (@NitroNate9) July 22, 2014 The 6-foot-3, 205 pound Craig is a 5-star prospect according to the 247Sports composite rankings. He had over 500 yards receiving and 16 total touchdowns at Pasco High School (Tampa, Fla.) last season. He transferred to T...More >>
    Nate Craig didn't want to wait. One of the top recruits of the class of 2016 committed to Auburn on Monday night, announcing his choice on Twitter. I will be taking my talents to Auburn University!?????? #WDE pic.twitter.com/8lSreVGBJf -- NITRO (@NitroNate9) July 22, 2014 The 6-foot-3, 205 pound Craig is a 5-star prospect according to the 247Sports composite rankings. He had over 500 yards receiving and 16 total touchdowns at Pasco High School (Tampa, Fla.) last season. He transferred to T...More >>
  • Perry sending National Guard troops to border

    Perry sending National Guard troops to border

    Monday, July 21 2014 8:13 PM EDT2014-07-22 00:13:13 GMT
    Texas Gov. Rick Perry plans to deploy as many as 1,000 National Guard troops to South Texas to bolster security along the Mexico border, a local lawmaker confirmed Monday.More >>
    Gov. Rick Perry is deploying up to 1,000 National Guard troops to the Texas-Mexico border over the next month to combat what he said Monday were criminals exploiting a surge of children pouring into the U.S. illegally.More >>